How To Determine My Hair Type And Texture?

How To Determine My Hair Type And Texture

Most people need to realize that, to get excellent results, they must determine their haircare and styling regimens based on the texture and type of their hair. 

Do you know the type of hair you have? 

What is your hair’s texture? Just as knowing the type of your skin is essential to implementing a successful skincare routine, determining your hair type is a crucial factor in the effectiveness of your regimen for maintaining your hair. 

Yet, determining the right hair type could be more complicated than you think. 

If determining your hair type and texture is confusing, do not fear; we’re here to help you. We’ll explain all you should know about determining the kind of hair you’ve and how to figure out hair texture. Let’s begin!.

What Does Hair Type Mean?

Most of the time, this refers to the pattern of hair curls or the formation, that is, how the growing follicle is incorporated into the scalp. There are four major curl types: straight, wavy, curly, and more curly.

The more symmetrical your hair follicles, the less curly the hair will likely become.

While you might temporarily alter your hair’s appearance, that doesn’t change the hair type and texture. The hair’s shape is encoded in DNA. The way hair grows on the scalp doesn’t change.

More parameters are used so that people can define their hair, such as porosity, density, diameter, and elasticity, which we will discuss later. But first, discuss hair texture.

Let’s Talk About Hair Texture

When you next shampoo your hair, let it air dry with no products. It will help you define your hair texture.

The following can be used as a reference:

  • If your hair dries straight, without curly or bent,  then you have straight hair (type 1).
  • If your hair is dry with a slight curvature and an “S” shape, then you have wavy hair (type two).
  • If your hair dries with a prominent curl, you have curly hair (type 3).
  • If your hair is dry enough into curly spirals or tight curls, you may have curly hair (type 4.).

Each hair type and texture requires extra care and attention to improve its excellent qualities.

Types of Hair Texture

There are three kinds of hair texture: fine, medium, and coarse.

Fine Hair Texture:

  • This hair is the most vulnerable and may be susceptible to breaking. 
  • Fine hair is typically the most oily of hair types.
  • Some people may need help maintaining a style since the hair is lightweight and frictionless. It is also likely to flatten quickly.
  • An absence of volume is the primary problem for women who have hair with a fine texture.

Texture of Medium Hair

  • It’s not just popular, but also the most simple to work with.
  • This texture is a good one for retaining styles quite easily.
  • It covers the scalp effectively.

Coarse Hair Texture

  • There’s a reason hair grows thicker in people who have coarse hair. This type of hair has three layers. However, in the other two types, one or more disappear. The layers are the cortex, cuticle, and medulla. Hair appears thick due to the medulla, a layer filled with air and space.
  • Its extra structure protein makes this one of the strongest of all hair kinds.
  • It’s immune to damage, as well as the heat.

How Can I Figure Out My Hair Type?

The general rule is that there are four basic categories of hair type;

Straight Hair

A general overview of the characteristics of straight hair include:

  • Generally speaking, it is gleaming and glossy when it reflects the light.
  • The most oily hair in the categories.
  • It isn’t easy to curl.
  • Often quite fine hair.

1a: Straight (Fine/Thin) Hair tends to be very soft and glossy. It may become oily and won’t hold curl well. 

1b: Straight (Medium) Hair can gain more volume after styling.

1C:  Straight (Coarse)  hair is straight, more coarse in texture, and extremely difficult to curl.

Wavy Hair

A general description of the characteristics of wavy hair includes:

  • The hair has a curly shape. The majority of the hair may appear straight and slightly curly.
  • More prone to frizz than straight hair
  • Still shiny in appearance

2a- Wavy (Fine/Thin) Hair has an ‘S’ bend, can be easily curled or straightened when styling, and generally molds nicely to different styles. A more tousled texture.

2b- Wavy (Medium), typically slightly slender at the top and with waves that begin at the mid-lengths. It appears a little frizzy and resistant to style, especially straight hair.

2C- Wavy (Coarse) Very coarse hair with a more dense wave that is typically quite frizzy and resistant to styling techniques. The S-bend is usually well-defined, beginning at the roots and ending at the ends.

Curly Hair

A general overview of curly hair’s curly features are:

  • Small or large, Z-shaped or S-shaped curls.
  • Dryer and frizzier during humid weather.
  • More volume.
  • Are more susceptible to damage because of the lack of moisture in the hair.

3a: Hair is an apparent “S” bend and is typically very thick, with lots of volume, and may be highly frizzy.

3b: Curly (Tight) hair has a distinct “S” bend pattern, typically in the form of a spiral or corkscrew. The hair’s texture may be dry.

Coily Hair

A general description of the characteristics of kinky hair are:

  • A tightly coiled curl.
  • Shrinks when wet.
  • They are more susceptible to damage due to the absence of moisture in the hair

4a Kinky or Coily (Soft) Hair is tightly curly hair. The hair is often quite stiff and delicate.

4b Kinky (Wiry) looks like a ‘Z’.

If you want to know more about types of hair, read our detailed guide on
Different types of hair: guide hair care tips for your hair type. 

How to Figure Out Your Hair’s Structure

Hair Density

The density of hair is the number of individual hair strands per square inch of your scalp.

Density is distinct from the diameter of hair (thick and thin hair shafts). To determine hair density, look into a mirror, select a hair strand in the front of your head, and push it back to the side. 

If you can clearly see the scalp in your hair, you have a low density of hair. 

If your scalp isn’t visible, the density of your hair is high. If your scalp is visible in between, it is considered medium density.


The porosity of your hair is the amount of moisture your hair can retain and absorb. 

The more porosity you have, the more significant the amount of water and products your hair can absorb. The porosity in your hair can help determine what kind of chemicals and products your hair can endure.

Hair with high porosity could be more prone to frizz in humid conditions. This is because hair shafts absorb water in the atmosphere. 

Hair with high porosity releases moisture very quickly, which means it could require extra conditioners, moisturizing masks, or leave-in treatments that maintain the hair’s health and seal the cuticle.

Scalp Moisture / Oiliness

The scalp produces a natural oily substance known as sebum. Sebum generated through these glands benefits, nourishes, and protects the body. The small amount of lipids protects the body from microbes.

If your scalp produces less sebum, it could be susceptible to dry scalp or flaking. Sebum production can cause oily hair and skin. Certain parts of the face and scalp could produce more oils and sebum. 

A practical method to check the amount of oil in your hair would be to hold it until after washing it and then rub your scalp using a tissue. You could find that you have a medium, high, or small quantity of oil created by your hair. 

Hair Elasticity

Hair elasticity refers to the extent to which a hair strand can stretch before returning to its original condition. The degree of elasticity has a significant relationship with overall health and strength.

To determine the strength of your hair, you need to take one strand of hair and stretch it as wide as you can.

Hair with high elasticity can extend a considerable amount without breaking. Hair with moderate elasticity may stretch out a decent amount before breaking. Hair with low elasticity breaks easily when stretched and can be extremely fragile. 

The Bottom Line

Many factors affect the hair type and texture. Knowing the proper understanding of what each signifies can greatly benefit caring for your hair. 

“Regardless of texture, type or density or hair type, how you treat your hair is key.

Trim and cut regularly (remember to trim 4 times a year, which is fine), and your hair will be healthy. We are sure everyone is searching for a product that will work best for their hair care routine, but, in the end, everything is affected by how the hair is treated irrespective of what hair type you have.”


How Do You Know If Your Hair Is Frizzy Or Curly?

Frizz could indicate that curly hair may be hidden beneath. “If there is any sort of wave pattern in the hair when it’s wet, then chances are you’ve got curly hair.

What Is The Most Difficult Hair Type?

The hair type 4C has been thought to be the most difficult hair type to keep in check because it’s naturally dry and brittle, and hair is often difficult to style and needs daily maintenance.

Why Is My Hair So Floppy And Not Curly?

If your hair is curly, the ingredients and products included in your hair care routine could be the reason. Be aware of what’s inside your hair shampoo. Sulfates-based shampoos can remove hair’s natural oils, leading to dryness, irritation to the scalp, and a boost in frizz.


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